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What is folic acid? Folic acid is a type of B vitamin that is normally found in foods such as dried beans, peas, lentils, oranges, whole-wheat products, liver, asparagus, beets, broccoli, brussels sprouts, and spinach. Folic acid helps your body produce and maintain new cells, and also helps prevent changes to DNA that may lead to cancer. As a medication, folic acid is used to treat folic acid deficiency and certain types of anemia (lack of red blood cells) caused by folic acid deficiency. Folic acid is sometimes used with other medications to treat pernicious anemia. Folic acid used alone will not treat pernicious anemia and other anemias not related to Vitamin B12 deficiency. Take all of your medications as directed. Warnings You should not use this medication if you have ever had an allergic reaction to folic acid. Before you take folic acid, tell your doctor if you have kidney disease (or if you are on dialysis), an infection, if you are an alcoholic, or if you have any type of anemia that has not been diagnosed by a doctor and confirmed with laboratory testing. Talk to your doctor about taking folic acid during pregnancy or while breast-feeding. Folic acid is sometimes used in combination with other medications to treat pernicious anemia. Follow all directions on your medicine label and package. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all your medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines you use. Before taking this medicine You should not use this medicine if you have ever had an allergic reaction to folic acid. Ask a doctor or pharmacist if this medicine is safe to use if you have ever had: epilepsy or other seizure disorder; cirrhosis or other liver disease; kidney disease (or if you are on dialysis); hemolytic anemia; pernicious anemia; anemia that has not been diagnosed by a doctor and confirmed with laboratory testing; an infection; or alcoholism. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Your dose needs may be different during pregnancy or while you are breastfeeding. How should I use folic acid? Take folic acid exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label. Folic acid oral is taken by mouth. Folic acid injection is given into a muscle, under the skin, or into a vein. A healthcare provider will give you this injection. Take folic acid tablets with a full glass of water. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results from this medication. Store folic acid at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Dosing information Usual Adult Dose for Megaloblastic Anemia: 1 mg orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously or IV once a day. May continue until clinical symptoms of folate deficiency and the hematological profile have normalized. Usual Adult Dose for Folic Acid Deficiency: 400 to 800 mcg orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously or IV once a day. Women of childbearing age, pregnant, and lactating women: 800 mcg orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously or IV once a day. Usual Pediatric Dose for Folic Acid Deficiency: Infant: 0.1 mg orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously or IV once a day. Child: Initial dose: 1 mg orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously or IV once a day. Maintenance dose: 1 to 10 years: 0.1 to 0.4 mg orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously or IV once a day. > 10 years: 0.5 orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously or IV once a day. What happens if I miss a dose? Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses at one time. What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. What should I avoid while taking folic acid? Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity. Folic acid side effects Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to folic acid: hives, rash, itching, skin redness; wheezing, difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Common folic acid side effects may include: nausea, loss of appetite; bloating, gas, stomach pain; bitter or unpleasant taste in your mouth; confusion, trouble concentrating; sleep problems; depression; or feeling excited or irritable.
What is magnesium oxide? Magnesium is a naturally occurring mineral. Magnesium is important for many systems in the body especially the muscles and nerves. Magnesium oxide is used as a supplement to maintain adequate magnesium in the body. Magnesium oxide is also used as an antacid to treat indigestion, or as a laxative to relieve occasional constipation. Magnesium oxide may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. Warnings Before you take magnesium oxide, tell your doctor about all your medical conditions or allergies, and all the medicines you are using. Also make sure your doctor knows if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. In some cases, you may not be able to take magnesium oxide, or you may need a dose adjustment or special precautions. Before taking this medicine You should not use magnesium oxide if you are allergic to it. Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to use magnesium oxide if you have other medical conditions, especially: kidney disease; heart disease; nausea, vomiting; a blockage in your intestines; low levels of calcium in your blood; or a sudden change in bowel habits for 2 weeks or longer. It is not known whether magnesium oxide will harm an unborn baby. Ask a doctor before using this medicine if you are pregnant. It is not known whether magnesium oxide passes into breast milk or if it could affect a nursing baby. Ask a doctor before using this medicine if you are breast-feeding. Do not give this medicine to a child without medical advice. Magnesium oxide should not be given to a child younger than 6 years old. How should I take magnesium oxide? Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Take this medicine with a full glass of water. When using this medicine as a laxative, it may be best to take your dose at bedtime. Magnesium oxide may be taken with food if it upsets your stomach. Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after 7 days of treatment, or if symptoms get worse. Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. What happens if I miss a dose? Since magnesium oxide is sometimes used when needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. If you are on a schedule, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose. What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, weakness, breathing problems, slow reflexes, weak pulse, extreme drowsiness, and feeling dizzy or light-headed. What should I avoid while taking magnesium oxide? Magnesium oxide can make it harder for your body to absorb other medicines you take by mouth. Avoid taking other medicines within 2 hours before or 2 hours after you take magnesium oxide. You may need to wait 4 hours to take your other medicines after taking magnesium oxide. Ask your doctor how to best schedule your medications. Magnesium oxide side effects Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop using magnesium oxide and call your doctor at once if you have: rectal bleeding; coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds; bloody or tarry stools; or no bowel movement after using magnesium oxide as a laxative. Common side effects may include: diarrhea; or upset stomach. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. What other drugs will affect magnesium oxide? Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to take magnesium oxide if you are also using any of the following drugs: an antibiotic; a diuretic or "water pill"; penicillamine; a blood thinner--warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven; or medicine to treat osteoporosis or Paget's disease--alendronate, ibandronate, risedronate, Fosamax, Boniva, Actonel, and others. This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with magnesium oxide, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide.
Uses of Prenatal Vitamin: This vitamin is used to aid the diet needs before, during, and after pregnancy. What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take Prenatal Vitamin? All products: If you are allergic to prenatal vitamin; any part of prenatal vitamin ; or any other drugs, foods, or substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had. If you have too much iron in your body. If you are taking mineral oil. If you are taking acitretin. Products with omega-3 fatty acids: If you are taking a blood thinner. If you have bleeding problems. This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with prenatal vitamin . Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take prenatal vitamin with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor. What are some things I need to know or do while I take Prenatal Vitamin? Tell all of your health care providers that you take prenatal vitamin . This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists. This medicine may affect certain lab tests. Tell all of your health care providers and lab workers that you take prenatal vitamin. If you have phenylketonuria (PKU), talk with your doctor. Some products have phenylalanine. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding. You will need to talk about any risks to your baby. How is this medicine (Prenatal Vitamin) best taken? Use prenatal vitamin as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely. Follow how to take prenatal vitamin as you have been told by your doctor. Do not use more than you were told to use. Some drugs may need to be taken with food or on an empty stomach. For some drugs it does not matter. Check with your pharmacist about how to take prenatal vitamin. Take with a full glass of water. Do not take antacids within 2 hours before or 2 hours after taking prenatal vitamin. Do not take dairy products with prenatal vitamin. Dairy products may make prenatal vitamin not work as well. Follow the diet and workout plan that your doctor told you about. Chew well before swallowing. What do I do if I miss a dose? Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it. If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time. Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses. Detailed Multivitamin, prenatal dosage information What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away? WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect: Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat. Black, tarry, or bloody stools. Fever. Very upset stomach or throwing up. Very bad belly pain. Throwing up blood or throw up that looks like coffee grounds. Stomach cramps. Multivitamin, prenatal side effects (more detail) What are some other side effects of Prenatal Vitamin? All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away: Constipation. Upset stomach or throwing up. Change in color of stool to green. Diarrhea. Belly pain. These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-332-1088. You may also report side effects at https://www.fda.gov/medwatch. If OVERDOSE is suspected: If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened. How do I store and/or throw out Prenatal Vitamin? Store at room temperature. Protect from heat and light. Store in a dry place. Do not store in a bathroom. Keep all drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets. Throw away unused or expired drugs. Do not flush down a toilet or pour down a drain unless you are told to do so. Check with your pharmacist if you have questions about the best way to throw out drugs. There may be drug take-back programs in your area. Consumer information use If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor. Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs. Some drugs may have another patient information leaflet. Check with your pharmacist. If you have any questions about prenatal vitamin, please talk with your doctor, nurse, pharmacist, or other health care provider. If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.
Uses Vitamin B6 tablet is used to prevent or treat low levels of vitamin B6 in people who do not get enough of the vitamin from their diets. Most people who eat a normal diet do not need extra vitamin B6. However, some conditions (such as alcoholism, liver disease, overactive thyroid, heart failure) or medications (such as isoniazid, cycloserine, hydralazine, penicillamine) can cause low levels of vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 plays an important role in the body. It is needed to maintain the health of nerves, skin, and red blood cells. Vitamin B6 Tablet has been used to prevent or treat a certain nerve disorder (peripheral neuropathy) caused by certain medications (such as isoniazid). It has also been used to treat certain hereditary disorders (such as xanthurenic aciduria, hyperoxaluria, homocystinuria). How to use Vitamin B6 Tablet Take this vitamin by mouth with or without food, usually once daily. Follow all directions on the product package, or take as directed by your doctor. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist. If you are taking the extended-release capsules, swallow them whole. Do not crush or chew extended-release capsules or tablets. Doing so can release all of the drug at once, increasing the risk of side effects. Also, do not split extended-release tablets unless they have a score line and your doctor or pharmacist tells you to do so. Swallow the whole or split tablet without crushing or chewing. If you are using the liquid form of this product, carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose. If your liquid form is a suspension, shake the container well before each use. If you are taking the powder, mix it thoroughly in the proper amount of liquid and stir well. Drink all of the liquid right away. Do not prepare a supply for future use. Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Use this vitamin regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day. Tell your doctor if your condition lasts or gets worse. If you think you may have a serious medical problem, seek immediate medical attention. Side Effects Vitamin B6 tablet usually has no side effects when used in recommended doses. If your doctor has prescribed this medication, remember that your doctor has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects. Vitamin B6 tablet can cause side effects when taken in large doses for a long time. Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: headache, nausea, drowsiness, numbness/tingling of arms/legs. A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing. This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Vitamin D is an essential vitamin that helps regulate calcium and phosphorus in the body. It also plays a role in maintaining proper bone structure. There are different forms of vitamin D, including ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3). Vitamin D is found in fish, eggs, and fortified milk. It's also made in the skin when exposed to sunlight. During periods of sunlight, vitamin D is stored in fat and then released when sunlight is not available. Vitamin D supplements are commonly used to treat and prevent vitamin D deficiency. People who don't get enough sun and people who are 65 years or older are at risk for deficiency. People also use vitamin D for weak and brittle bones, heart disease, asthma, hay fever, and many other conditions, but there's no good scientific evidence to support many of these uses. There is also no strong evidence to support using vitamin D supplements for COVID-19. But it is important to maintain healthy levels of vitamin D. This can be done by taking 400-1000 IU of vitamin D daily or spending 15-30 minutes in the sun each day. USES Effective for A rare, inherited bone disorder marked by low levels of phosphate in the blood (familial hypophosphatemia). Taking specific forms of vitamin D, called calcitriol or dihydrotachysterol, by mouth along with phosphate supplements is effective for treating bone disorders in people with low levels of phosphate in the blood. Underactive parathyroid (hypoparathyroidism). Taking specific forms of vitamin D, called dihydrotachysterol, calcitriol, or ergocalciferol, by mouth is effective for increasing calcium blood levels in people with low parathyroid hormone levels. Softening of the bones (osteomalacia). Taking vitamin D3 by mouth is effective for treating this condition. A bone disorder that occurs in people with kidney disease (renal osteodystrophy). Taking a specific form of vitamin D, called calcitriol, by mouth helps to manage low calcium levels and prevent bone loss in people with kidney failure. Rickets. Taking vitamin D by mouth is effective for preventing and treating rickets. A specific form of vitamin D, called calcitriol, should be used in people with kidney failure. Vitamin D deficiency. Taking vitamin D by mouth is effective for preventing and treating vitamin D deficiency. Likely Effective for Bone loss in people taking drugs called corticosteroids. Taking vitamin D by mouth prevents bone loss in people taking drugs called corticosteroids. Also, taking vitamin D alone or with calcium seems to improve bone density in people with existing bone loss caused by using corticosteroids. Weak and brittle bones (osteoporosis). Taking vitamin D3 by mouth along with calcium seems to help prevent bone loss and bone breaks in people with osteoporosis. Psoriasis. Applying vitamin D in the form of calcitriol, calcipotriene, maxacalcitol, or paricalcitol to the skin can help treat plaque-type psoriasis. Applying vitamin D along with corticosteroids seems to work better than applying vitamin D or corticosteroids alone. But taking vitamin D by mouth doesn't seem to help. Side Effects When taken by mouth: Vitamin D is likely safe when taken in recommended amounts. Most people don't experience side effects with vitamin D, unless too much is taken. Some side effects of taking too much vitamin D include weakness, dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, and others. Taking vitamin D for long periods of time in doses higher than 4000 IU (100 mcg) daily is possibly unsafe and may cause very high levels of calcium in the blood.