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What is fluticasone and salmeterol inhalation? Fluticasone and salmeterol inhalation is a steroid and bronchodilator combination medicine that is used to prevent asthma attacks. It is also used to prevent flare-ups or worsening of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) associated with chronic bronchitis and/or emphysema. In people with COPD, fluticasone and salmeterol is for long-term treatment. In people with asthma, fluticasone and salmeterol is for short-term treatment until symptoms are well controlled with with other medicines. Advair Diskus is for use in adults and children who are at least 4 years old. Advair HFA and AirDuo Respiclick are for use in adults and children who are at least 12 years old. Fluticasone and salmeterol may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. Warnings Fluticasone and salmeterol is not a rescue medicine. It will not work fast enough to treat an asthma or bronchospasm attack. Seek medical attention you have worsening breathing problems, or if you think your medications are not working as well. Before taking this medicine You should not use fluticasone and salmeterol if you are allergic to fluticasone or salmeterol, or: if you have a severe allergy to milk proteins; or if you are having an asthma attack or severe COPD symptoms. Fluticasone can weaken your immune system, making it easier for you to get an infection or worsening an infection you already have or have recently had. Tell your doctor about any illness or infection you have had within the past several weeks. Tell your doctor if you have ever had: glaucoma or cataracts; heart disease or high blood pressure; a seizure; diabetes; a food or drug allergy; a weak immune system; any type of infection (bacterial, fungal, viral, or parasitic); osteoporosis; a thyroid disorder; or liver or kidney disease. Long-term use of steroids may lead to bone loss (osteoporosis), especially if you smoke, if you do not exercise, if you do not get enough vitamin D or calcium in your diet, or if you have a family history of osteoporosis. Talk with your doctor about your risk. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant. It is not known whether this medicine will harm an unborn baby. However, having untreated or uncontrolled asthma during pregnancy may cause complications such as low birth weight, premature birth, or eclampsia (dangerously high blood pressure that can lead to medical problems in both mother and baby). The benefit of treating asthma may outweigh any risks to the baby. It may not be safe to breast-feed while using this medicine. Ask your doctor about any risk. Do not give this medicine to a child without medical advice. How should I use fluticasone and salmeterol? Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Use the medicine exactly as directed. Using too much of this medicine can cause life-threatening side effects. Fluticasone and salmeterol is not a rescue medicine for asthma or bronchospasm attacks. Use only fast-acting inhalation medicine for an attack. Seek medical attention if your breathing problems get worse quickly, or if you think your asthma medications are not working as well. Advair Diskus is a powder form of fluticasone and salmeterol that comes with a special inhaler device pre-loaded with blister packs containing measured doses of the medicine. Advair HFA and AirDuo Respiclick each come in a canister that is used with an actuator inhaler device. Use the medicine at the same time each day. Use only the inhaler device provided with your medication. Shake the Advair HFA inhaler for at least 5 seconds before each spray. Do not allow a young child to use this medicine without help from an adult. Read and carefully follow any Instructions for Use provided with your medicine. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you do not understand these instructions. Rinse your mouth with water without swallowing after each use of your inhaler. Your dose needs may change due to surgery, illness, stress, or a recent asthma attack. Do not change your medication dose or schedule without your doctor's advice. If you also use an oral steroid medication, you should not stop using it suddenly. Follow your doctor's instructions about tapering your dose. If you use a peak flow meter at home, tell your doctor if your numbers are lower than normal. Your vision and your bone mineral density may need to be checked often. Store your medicine at room temperature, away from moisture, heat, and sunlight. Avoid high heat, such as open flame or in a car on a hot day. Carefully follow all storage and disposal directions provided with your medicine. Once your asthma is under control, your doctor may want you to stop using this medicine. Do not stop using the medicine unless your doctor tells you to. What happens if I miss a dose? Skip the missed dose and use your next dose at the regular time. Do not use two doses at one time. What happens if I overdose? Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. Overdose symptoms may include chest pain, fast heart rate, and feeling shaky or short of breath. Long term use of an inhaled steroid can lead to glaucoma, cataracts, thinning skin, changes in body fat (especially in your face, neck, back, and waist), increased acne or facial hair, menstrual problems, impotence, or loss of interest in sex. What should I avoid while using fluticasone and salmeterol? Avoid being near people who are sick or have infections. Call your doctor for preventive treatment if you are exposed to chickenpox or measles. These conditions can be serious or even fatal in people who are using a steroid such as fluticasone. Do not use a second inhaled bronchodilator unless your doctor tells you to. This includes formoterol (Perforomist, Symbicort, Bevespi, Dulera), arformoterol (Brovana), indacaterol (Arcapta), olodaterol (Striverdi, Stiolto Respimat), salmeterol (Serevent), or vilanterol (Anoro Ellipta, Breo Ellipta, Trelegy Ellipta). Fluticasone and salmeterol side effects Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Call your doctor at once if you have: wheezing, choking, or other breathing problems after using fluticasone and salmeterol; fever, chills, cough with mucus, feeling short of breath; chest pain, fast or irregular heartbeats, severe headache, pounding in your neck or ears; tremors, nervousness; blurred vision, tunnel vision, eye pain, or seeing halos around lights; signs of thrush (a fungal infection)--sores or white patches in your mouth or throat, trouble swallowing; high blood sugar--increased thirst, increased urination, dry mouth, fruity breath odor; low potassium level--leg cramps, constipation, irregular heartbeats, fluttering in your chest, increased thirst or urination, numbness or tingling, muscle weakness or limp feeling; or signs of a hormonal disorder--worsening tiredness or weakness, feeling light-headed, nausea, vomiting. Fluticasone can affect growth in children. Talk with your doctor if you think your child is not growing at a normal rate while using this medication. Common side effects may include: headache, muscle pain, bone pain, back pain; nausea, vomiting; thrush, throat irritation; ongoing cough, hoarseness or deepened voice; cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat; or ear infection (in a child)--fever, ear pain or full feeling, trouble hearing, drainage from the ear, fussiness. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. What other drugs will affect fluticasone and salmeterol? Sometimes it is not safe to use certain medications at the same time. Some drugs can affect your blood levels of other drugs you take, which may increase side effects or make the medications less effective. Tell your doctor about all your other medicines, especially: antifungal medicine; or medicine to treat HIV or AIDS. This list is not complete and many other drugs may affect fluticasone and salmeterol. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.
Theophylline is a bronchodilator that is used to treat symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and other breathing problems. Theophylline may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. Warnings Never use theophylline in larger amounts, or for longer than prescribed. Seek medical attention if your breathing problems get worse quickly, or if you think your medications are not working as well. Overdose can occur if you take too much theophylline at one time, or if your daily doses are too high. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any you start or stop using. Many drugs can interact with theophylline. Before taking this medicine You should not use theophylline if you are allergic to it. Tell your doctor if you have ever had: a gastric or peptic ulcer; a serious infection called sepsis; liver disease (especially cirrhosis or hepatitis); fluid in your lungs; heart problems; a thyroid disorder; seizures; or kidney disease. Tell your doctor if you drink alcohol, or if you smoke or have recently quit smoking cigarettes or marijuana. Also tell your doctor if you have been sick with a high fever (102 degrees or higher) for 24 hours or longer. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Do not give theophylline to a child without medical advice. How should I take theophylline? Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Never use theophylline in larger amounts, or for longer than prescribed. Theophylline is not a rescue medicine for asthma or bronchospasm attacks. Use only fast-acting inhalation medicine for an attack. Seek medical attention if your breathing problems get worse quickly, or if you think your medications are not working as well. Swallow the capsule or tablet whole and do not crush or chew it. You may break a scored tablet in half if needed to get the correct dose. Some tablets are made with a shell that is not absorbed or melted in the body. Part of this shell may appear in your stool. This is normal and will not make the medicine less effective. Measure liquid medicine carefully. Use the dosing syringe provided, or use a medicine dose-measuring device (not a kitchen spoon). Your dose and the number of times you take theophylline daily will depend on the reason you are taking this medication. Follow your doctor's instructions about whether to take your medication with food or on an empty stomach. Your dose needs may change if you are ill, or if you switch to a different brand, strength, or form of this medicine. Avoid medication errors by using only the form and strength your doctor prescribes. You will need regular medical tests to be sure you are using the right dose. Do not change your dose or dosing schedule without your doctor's advice. Theophylline doses are based on weight in children. Your child's dose needs may change if the child gains or loses weight. This medicine can affect the results of certain medical tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using theophylline. Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.