Does this test have other names?
Microscopic urine analysis, microscopic examination of urine, Urinalysis Routine Microscopic
What is a microscopic urinalysis test?
A microscopic urinalysis test observes the sample of urine under a microscope. This test evaluates the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination
of urine. It uses to check the correctness of the other tests. It adds information for diagnosing.
The test analyzes the quantities of the following in your urine
When do I need this test?
- Cells from tumor
- Urinary tract,
- Red or white blood cells
- Urinary crystals
A microscopic urinalysis
test is a routine test. The following signs and symptoms for which you need to conduct this test include:
- Abdomen pain
- Increased urination
- Changes in the color of urine
- Painful urination
- Bloody urine
- Back pain
- Pregnant women
- Undergoing surgical process
The test may recommend to all age groups, such as for children experiencing the signs of UTIs
. The test is also familiar to pregnant women. You may need more regular urine tests to check your medical conditions. This test helps your doctor to diagnose:
What other tests include this test?
- Liver disease
- Kidney disease
- Urinary tract infection or another urinary system
- Side effects of medicines
- Parasitic infection
- Viral infection
- Prostate infection
You may need to perform other tests on your urine sample, such as
What sample requires for the test?
- Observing the color and odor of urine
- For determining the number of dissolved substances in the urine
- Conducting tests for sugar, protein, bilirubin, and other elements that can lead to different diseases
- Evaluating the level of acidity
Your provider will collect a urine sample for a microscopic urinalysis
. Your doctor tells you about which type of sample is needed. Two ways of getting the urine sample are 24-hour urine collection and a one-time urine collection.
You will store all your urine samples in a specimen or a container that developed during the 24 hours.
- One-time urine collection
It is a spot or random urine test. Your provider will ask you to conduct one urine sample at any time. You have to follow the instruction provided by your lab care about the type of sample you need.
What happens during the test?
A microscopic urinalysis test can perform at home or at your healthcare provider’s location. The lab care will give you a specimen or a container.
For 24-hour urine collection
, you may recommend these steps, which include
- You will flash all your urine into the toilet on the first day as you get up in the morning.
- During the next 24 hours, you will collect all your urine into a sample container.
- When you get up on the second day, you will again urinate in the container. You will finally complete the urine sample within 24 hours.
- You will put your urine sample container in a refrigerator or a cool place.
For random or one-time urine collection
, you will ask to collect a urine sample in the morning. For getting midstream urine, a clean-catch procedure applies that include
How to prepare for the test?
- Clean the opening of your urethral.
- You first urinate in the toilet. After a few seconds, stop the stream of your urine.
- Put the container in front of your urine stream, and then start to urinate into the container.
- When the container fills up with urine, start urinating in the toilet
- Closed a lid of a sample
- Give the sample to your provider.
You may not have to prepare for a microscopic urinalysis test. You can eat and drink before this test. You can tell your doctor about specific medications or supplements that you are taking. You may need to follow the guidelines provided by your doctor about the clean-catch sample. If you are pregnant, you need to talk about it with your provider.
Is there any risk to the test?
The test does not have any risk to your health.
What do my test results mean?
The results of microscopic urinalysis tests depend on the person’s age, gender, weight, medical history, and other factors. The range of the results may vary by the use of different labs. You can order the test at UmbrellaMD
. You can understand the rest results by consulting with your doctor
Following is the sample of specific results that show:
What might affect my test results?
- The value of red blood cells (RBCs) in urine is (0-5 RBCs per high power field, HPF). A high amount of RBCs indicates that you have kidney disease, urinary tract infection, side effects of medicines, or types of cancer.
- Very few white blood cells are generally present in urine (0-5 WBCs per high power field, HPF). You may experience inflammation in your urinary tract if you have a high WBCs in your urine.
- The high value of eosinophils tells that you have urinary tract problems.
- Kidney damage may occur due to a large number of kidney cells.
- Different diseases may also prevail if casts (an element developed in the kidney) are present in your urine.
- Serious health problems may occur due to abnormal crystals. Amino acids and certain medicines create these crystals.
Some factors can affect your test results, such as certain medications, supplements, vitamins, and foods that alter the color and odor of urine. The other causes that can change the test results include:
- Stone in the sample of urine
- Improper urine collection
- Usage of medicines that contain salicylate
- Menstrual blood
- Vaginal medicines
- Aspirin therapy
- Unable to collect all urine during 24 hours
You need to take immediate action if you see the above symptoms of a kidney or urinary tract disease. You can avail of online healthcare facilities from Umbrella Health Care Systems.
It allows you to place an order for any lab test if you do not have any prescription. We care for your health problems and provide the fastest and easiest way to connect you online with a doctor
. You can understand the results of the test while sitting at home. Register here
to learn more about the site.