Testosterone Test (Male) - TOTAL, MS
Does this test have other names?
Serum testosterone, Testosterone total, MS, free testosterone
What is a testosterone test?
A testosterone test examines the hormone testosterone in your blood. This test gives you complete number of testosterone in your blood. A testosterone is the vital hormone, which helps in making the male sexual properties and characteristics. In male, the testes is a place that creates testosterone. It develops in the ovaries of female and, in the adrenal glands.
Testosterone is a male sex hormone that grow many parts of the body. When a boy is at its puberty, the various changes occur in his body hair, penis, muscles, testes, and in the voice. In male adults, it is a source of creating sperms in the body besides maintain a healthy sex drive. It is as important in female to build their body organs, development of bones and in the growth of the muscles.
What are the different types of testosterone test?
In general, three types of blood test tells the different type of testosterone.
A total testosterone
Its use is most common. In this type, testosterone possess the albumin and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), which are the two proteins in the blood.
A free testosterone
This type of testosterone does not have any link with any kind of protein.
A bioavailable testosterone
It is the combination of free and albumin-bound testosterone.
What are the reasons to conduct a serum testosterone test?
There are many reasons to conduct the testosterone test for a person. Having low or a high level of testosterone involves a serious problem in both the males and females. In children, it helps in knowing the reason of early or delayed puberty. As the body grows the level of testosterone decreases. Those male that had already passed the puberty stage possess a low testosterone problem. Your doctor may recommend this test if you are experiencing the below listed signs and symptoms.
Symptoms and signs of low testosterone in men, such as,
What causes low testosterone in young males?
- Reduction in sex drive
- Increased breast size
- Hair fall
- Arising problem in erectile (Erectile dysfunction)
- Decreased sperm count and fertility issues
- Contraction in the muscles
- Mode swings
- Stress and anxiety
- Shrinkage in the size of testicles
- Soft or weak bones
When your testicles does not produce enough testosterone, it lead to reduction in its quantity. Several other causes are:
The most frequent symptoms of a low testosterone in women include:
- Abuse of alcohol and drug
- Injury or infection in testicles
- Cancer treatments with chemotherapy or radiations
- Use of pain relief medication like opiate
- Genetic disease like Klinefelter syndrome
- Pituitary or hypothalamus glands problems
What causes low testosterone in females?
- Difficult to get pregnant
- Missed or Irregular period
- Dryness of the vagina
- Losing interest in sex
- Weakness of muscles
- Sleep disorder
- Thinning of hair
- Bone disease like osteoporosis
- Breast tissue problems
Here are some of the possible causes that lead to low levels of testosterone in females:
Symptoms of high testosterone in women
- Usage of different kinds of birth control pills
- Failure in ovaries
- Women having a menopause
- Certain Medication like oral estrogen, opiates, anti-hypertensive, etc.
The high levels of testosterone levels occur in female. Some of the significant symptoms that creates problem include:
Why would a woman have high testosterone?
- Ability to lose one or more menstrual period
- Acne ( accumulation of hair follicles with dead skin cells and oil)
- Decreased breast size
- Lowering of the voice
- High level of sugar in blood (Type 2 Diabetes)
- Abnormal growth of hair at the face and in the body
- Infertility disease
Multiple diseases, which are responsible for high testosterone in women. Some of them include:
What are the normal testosterone levels?
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) – issues in menstrual cycles
- Female hirsutism
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) – disorder of adrenal glands, which is responsible to flow metabolism. Adrenal gland stores the testosterone hormone.
- Having a thyroid problem
The results of a testosterone test depends on many factors. It include the age of the person, gender, medical history, and other things. Since each lab has their own reference values. Your doctor or healthcare will report and gives you knowledge about your test results. A nano gram per deciliter (ng/dl) is the unit to measure the testosterone level.
For men, the normal values in between 270 to 1070 ng/dl. While in women, its value ranges from 15 to 70 ng/dl. These values depend on the age of the person too.
If you have a high or low value of the testosterone than the normal, you may lead to reduction in the testosterone level. Testes or ovaries injuries may happen due to the higher value of testosterone.
Testosterone helps in growing sexual function of the male. In female, it makes the bone, muscles, and body’s organ to grow. The testes or ovaries injuries may lead to its deficiency. Since its value decreasing with the time in men, therefore, it is better not to take serious tension. In females, during menstrual cycles, decrease of testosterone level is obvious. However, if you are seeing the above symptoms, you may get treatment from your doctor at an early stage.
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